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An Eco-Friendly Approach To Manage Pests In Pulse Crops

R. P. Singh1, S. K. Gangwar2 and Durga Prasad3

1Senior Scientist and Head, KVK, West Champaran-II (Dr RPCAU, Pusa, Samatipur, Bihar)
2Senior Scientist and Head, KVK, West Champaran-I (Dr RPCAU, Pusa, Samatipur, Bihar)
3Associate Professor-Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, Baytu, Agriculture University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan

 
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Posted on May 15, 2022

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INTRODUCTION

Integration of various agricultural enterprises viz., cropping, animal husbandry, fishery, forestry etc. have great potentialities in the agricultural economy. These enterprises not only supplement the income of the farmers but also help in increasing the family labour employment. The integrated farming system approach introduces a change in the farming techniques for maximum production in the cropping pattern and takes care of optimal utilization of resources. The farm wastes are better recycled for productive purposes in the integrated system. A judicious mix of agricultural enterprises like dairy, poultry, piggery, fishery, sericulture etc. suited to the given agro-climatic conditions and socio-economic status of the farmers would bring prosperity in the farming. Agriculture practiced with animal husbandry not only gives additional income and employment opportunity to the family members around the year and also livestock excreta utilized as manures lowered the cost of fertilizers. Additional yields from crops. Soil fertility was protected. Crop residues used as livestock feed will reduce the feed cost. In this method agriculture along with fodder and azolla production combined with animal husbandry we will get more benefits.

Background of Farmer

Mr. Anand Kumar Singh was born in farming family hails from the village Samhauta of Narkatiaganj block, West Champaran district in Bihar. He completed his graduation and chosen agriculture as a profession and started devoting his time focusing on a better farming. He is having 27 acre of land. Initially, he used to grow only rice, wheat, sugarcane and fisheries by adopting traditional methods. He was not getting the expected income. He felt that doing agriculture through conventional method minimized the yield and income. It is also associated with low productivity, increased cost on agriculture inputs and poor or no utilization of existing farm resources available in the farm. He came in contact of KVK scientists and other agencies like agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, he incorporated the major components of Integrated Farming Systems for diversified agriculture (Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane, Mustard, Mango, Makhana cultivation, Dairy, Fisheries/ Prawn farming) for enhancing his farm income. Now, he is a role model for other agri-entrepreneur in the district for adopting Integrated Farming System.

Training and Motivation

He was not happy with his traditional agriculture methods and he wanted to become entrepreneur and one day he participated in training which was conducted by Krishi Vigyan Kendra and Agriculture department, West Champaran. He also participated in various exposure visits organized by Krishi Vigyan Kendra and Agriculture department, West Champaran to update his knowledge and current information. He had discussion with KVK Scientists regarding income generating activities and afterwards with motivation from KVK, he adopted IFS model in their farming system ................see more

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REFERENCES

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